نوع مقاله : مقالۀ ترویجی
کارشناس ارشد معماری منظر، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The nature of a city is considered a part of citizens’ image of the city as well as its identity and history since formation of every city. City natural elements are the symbols which offer citizens public memories and help maintaining the concept of city. The influence of nature in creating a sense of place is quite undeniable and human beings always feel belonged to spaces blended with nature. This interest of being connected to nature has long been in Iranian culture as well. Natural elements as milestones which create shared memories have a special and strategic importance. Not only the close relationship of citizens with natural factors has a special importance in the improvement of quality of life, but also it has a significant role in city legibility and citizens’ affiliation to their own city. Tehran city has a considerable potential in highlighting natural landmarks since it is located on the Alborz foothills. The question this article tries to answer is how to manage Tehran natural elements and symbols in order to achieve major landscape goals to vreate legibility, identity and aesthetics of cities with the help of the similar experiences obtained in Kyoto city. At least in four chapters of the seven chapters of the Kyoto landscape policy, maximum attention is paid to the urban landscape related to the natural landscape. The corridors to natural landscape must be identified in Tehran city. Landscape rules should be enacted for the buildings in these perspectives in order to get interesting landscapes and favorable places for citizens and tourists. Eventually these places can be converted to indicated points and places for the leisure times which will produce public memories.