نوع مقاله : مقالۀ ترویجی
کارشناس ارشد معماری منظر
عنوان مقاله [English]
After 8 years of the holy defense of Iran against invasion of Iraq, a new genre in art named “Art of holly defense” has been emerged which visualizes bravery, perseverance, patriotism and self-devotion of people against invaders . This area of the art in the field of architecture has been presented in design of museums as well as museum-gardens. Such museums could be found in many cities to showcase the war, warrior’s memorabilia as well as the battle scenes in both conceptual and realistic ways. Khorramshahr cultural center of holy defense that was constructed on 1996 and Tehran garden-museum of holy defense that was built on 2006, are two important examples of such museums. The comparative analysis of two projects shows that cultural center of Khorramshahr -with minimum of taking advantages of technocrats and low cost in construction- is more successful than urban project of museum-garden of holy defense in Tehran -with maximum of taking advantages of technocrats and high cost- in representing self-devotion and essence of war between Iran and Iraq.
Now it’s the question; why museum-garden of holy defense in Tehran couldn’t succeed as it was expected in the other hand what factors led Khorramshahr cultural center of holy defense to be a successful project?