عنوان مقاله [English]
This paper tries to put the interaction of mountain and inhabitants and its organization, development and conservation process into scrutiny.In achieving this goal, the mountains of the 18th century and Western Alps where first signs of attention to mountains can be observed, were selected as the source. The initial arguments discusses the opinions toward mountains: How did mountains turn into a recognizing indicator over the last century as well as changing to a valuable, appreciated and protected landscape and a symbolic source for modern societies. Moreover, the role of mountains in land or collaborative projects was also queried.
Mountains were natural elements, especially as the context or in relation to human settlements and they are tied with shapes and different mental forms of the people who were in their vicinity over different periods. Analysis of surrounding mountains of Geneva and the Switzerland explains a historical process of the 14th and 15th centuries that admits permanent presence of these natural components in popular culture. Thus their presence is presented as imaginary fancy pictures in one period or as a source of natural resources in consuming period, as an artistic subject in another period and subsequently as protected, affecting, influential landscape in social communities. These were terrifying dreadful in the 18th and 19th century that have turned into a source of individual and social identity which explains their cultural strength. One the one hand meeting natural and functional needs and strengthening the foundations of identity on the other, will lead to different approaches dealing with these components and result their increased conservation whichsuggests a focus on the formation of national landscapes regardless of their prevailing thoughts.