نوع مقاله : مقالۀ ترویجی
کارشناس ارشد طراحی شهری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Urban regeneration is a concept that has become remarkable in the postmodern era. Urban regeneration is a vast subject that contains information from different categories and makes connections between various fields of study. Evaluation of urban regeneration approaches such as economy, culture, housing, gentrification etc. has been the most popular research topics in this field in last decades. Many researchers have worked on this issue to illuminate its diverse aspects. Culture-led regeneration is one of the most prevalent approaches in modern societies. “Cultural Quarters” cover a wide range of actions and activities. It is known as one of the most important cases of the culture-based regeneration which is the subject of the analysis in this report. Many places with historiccultural identity which have been neglected for years, can be considered as recipient of this type of regeneration. Since cultural sites are known as "places", they would be analyzed through place components.
The main body of this research is about Culture-led regeneration with focus on “Cultural Quarters”. Three important criteria including activity, form and meaning have used to present the concept of “Cultural Quarters”. A matrix with two basic components is introduced to express the theoretical framework of this work. Urban design indexes and place criterions form the rows and the columns of this matrix respectively. This framework defines a “Cultural Quarter” model to help evaluate these places. A case study is applied to validate this framework. ”MuseumsQuartier” (MQ) is one the first “Cultural Quarters” during these decades. ”MuseumsQuartier” is a complex that provides different kinds of cultural activities via its facilities. Museums, theaters, temporary and permanent exhibitions and variant stores form the elements of this popular complex. ”MuseumsQuartier” is known as one of the most famous “Cultural Quarters” around the world. The suggested theoretical framework has been applied to analyze the positive and negative aspects of this complex. The results can be used to express the influential points to be implemented in other “Cultural Quarters”.