نوع مقاله : مقالۀ ترویجی
دکتری معماری، استادیار گروه معماری، دانشگاه مازندران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Historically, Persian garden benefited from the earliest landscape and environment arrangements designed for humans as a cultural, historic and geographic interaction of human and nature. Persia is considered as the geographic origin of this remarkable type of art. Persian garden has developed different types of function and form throughout history; and maintained a basis in Persian culture. Persian garden has been the sample of gardening in many other lands throughout history; the specific types of the Persian gardens were developed in these lands which took place as subgroup of Persian garden.
Owing to multiple differences in cultural and architectural history of other countries; specific features of the Persian garden was more prominent and more developed in those areas. India is one of the territories that Persian garden is considered as a sample for many of Hindi gardens. In this paper, historical method and case studies are studied as a transfer process of original pattern of Persian garden to India. This paper shows that gardens built up by Babur link Persian and Hindi gardens; BABUR garden in Kabul is the case study of this paper whose characteristics is compared with Persian garden.