نوع مقاله : مقالۀ ترویجی
1 استاد بازنشسته گروه معماری منظر دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2 گروه معماری منظر، پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
To better interpret the position of garden from Hafiz’s perspective and to show how the relationships between the garden and poetry are established in an artwork, we need to scrutinize how the seterms have been conceptualized. Comparing these two arts based on visual attributes, or rational spending is not possible and subjective nature of the flow of Persian poetry must be Considered. The purpose of this paper is to explore the interrelationship and to show significant use of words related to garden in poetry and to explain the relationship of artistic creation in relation to the wisdom of creation in the poet's view. The Companionship of gardening affinity and poets in the external world, which is derived from the relationship in subjective nature, is of crucial importance. the garden in his poetry and in general nature, specifically is used not to describe objective materials, but to understand the poet's worldview and scrutinizing it.To understand the mystic world, we need to look at nature and investigate the evolution of the concept of asceticism in the history of Sufi and mystics and it is necessary to pay special attention to it. A trip in the centuries after Islam, admonishing the nature in one of the upper and lower ends of the world has been made. From this perspective, a different interpretation of the verses of the Holy Quran by mystics is received, nor the attributes of God as omnipotent glory executioner, who attributes his beauty in perspective, a mystic, described the beloved. In the meantime, the Sufi ascetic tries to suppress feelings and emotions more hands-on with the poetic life in him grows more freedom of his affections into immediate relation with nature and brings its nature as a manifestation of man and the mirror reveals nature's beauty. In such a vision is the earthly paradise of heaven and earth. artist knows nature as the foundation of both the subject and object. Its agent means an artistic creation in the form of poetry, garden and ... it comes to the ethics of the art. Art begins the nature and ethics are interwoven with one another. As to the mixed nature of morality whose existence cannot be imagined without it, art is the same sense of fun. Nature in art, ethics has its own inner logic and follow. The synthesis of morality and nature, soul consciousness that is the origin of aesthetics arise. In this struggle, as the nature of the arrangement is the language, the poet finds, rebellious nature out of the hands of New Beauty finds the wild it is driven and nature is arranged by man for man, in other words, garden is a human in nature.