نوع مقاله : مقالۀ ترویجی
دکتری تخصصی مرمت و باززندهسازی بناهای تاریخی. سازمان میراث فرهنگی و صنایع دستی و گردشگری.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Persian architects erected a water basin (hoz) in front of the main building in south or pavilion in designing of each Persian garden and house, which of course was insist of central the water basin in the middle of the court and trees. Some believes that this water basin has duty as a mirror to show the main facade of the pavilion for witnesses in Persian architecture. In this case fountain which has been unseparatable content of Persian water basin, has not to be o, because it is damaged the picture which has been seen in the mirror of the water. The history of the Persian architecture reported of water basin in front of most of Persian architecture particularly in pre-Islamic of Persian architecture. This water basin is stayed there for the Anna (An-āhita), one of the most famous of Persian miracles as a holy place which in which she is peragnanced with Mehr. In accordance with the solar reflection to the surface of the water which is always slugged, a mystery dance of lightening and darkness could be presented. In the best place for the water basin location, the south direction of the pavilion in each Persian garden was accepted. In accordance with the Islamic thoughts, at the noon time, is the time of the noon praying which is informed by this method to the Muslims.