عنوان مقاله [English]
Archetype usually implies to a pattern that is considered as the first model. For recognition of Persian garden archetype, and avoiding common misunderstanding, it seems that a new hypothesis can be brought up. In this regard meanwhile a critical review of something that is assumed as the Persian garden archetype, this model will be challenged basically. In this research, theoretical tools related to the linguistic and mythology will have an important roles.
The structure of this research, based upon two parts. In the first part, the assumed archetype of Persian garden will challenged, and it will discuss the older archetype of this garden. The second part that has not be considered in related researches and is more important, focuses on the likely older models and finally introduces a discovered agricultural system, as the probable archetype of Persian garden. It will be very interesting that this system work today, without any changes for thousand years. We can consider this pattern in a lot of places in the region that is usually assumed as the provenance of Persian garden.
In this relation it is usually assumed that lifetime of myths is limited, and they get expired when they miss their function. The most important achievement of this paper is propose the hypotheses that the origin of Persian garden and its functional pattern is alive and works as an eternal pattern.