عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, sound and soundscape, as a major part of cityscape, is being neglected in urban design and planning. Meanwhile, cities are expanding at an increasing rate, and the emergence of traffic congestion and other environmental noise pollutants contribute to creating a disturbed landscape, accordingly. In order to achieve spaces with superior and pleasant auditory quality, this subject needs to be addressed. This study attempts to understand and fully examine the concept, its aspects, and factors influencing the soundscape, as well as methods used to study this subject. The method elucidated here for designing and redesigning a pleasant soundscape in urban spaces is a result of far-reaching studies and examinations in this field. Five key steps are suggested for designing a positive soundscape. A comprehensive designing would include all five steps concomitantly.