نوع مقاله : ترجمه
استاد بازنشسته جامعهشناسی، مرکز ملی تحقیقات علمی (CNRS) و دانشگاه استراسبورگ، فرانسه.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Different approches of rénovation in France, in different historical periods, beside the utilization cases, indicates the quality of encounter to the terms, “restoration”, “rehabilitation” and “conservation”. Study of these experiences indicates how different definitions of concepts can relate bilaterally with approaches ordained by urban managers. in line with the different governments policies, This relation has led to different definitions in this sphere. So that in every period a special definition or Term gets common and the contemplation of that period is known with that appellative. In France these periods can be divided into two main parts: the rehabilitation-destruction and conservation-restoration policies. In the first period, the deconstruction policies of age of emperor II were established with confronting the insanitary housing. After a century this policy continued with modern thoughts and habitation of the deconstructed fabrics residents in big complexes and ended up in 2003 with deconstruction of the residential complexes in prior period. End of this period was contemporary with two other approaches and policies about facing with housing problems. The policy was raised from communist thoughts and proposed the law of “Urban Revitalization and Solidarity “. And the second law titled “National commitment for housing” was proposed by a moderate minister. Parallel with these policies, some approaches about the conversation were followed by the government, in various dimensions. The modern approach considered limited conservation of some historical architecture works, second approach considered conservation of urban restricts and third approach tried to conserve the ....fabrics with facilitating policies. Overall, various approaches of rehabilitation, renovation or urban fabrics conservation are involved with deconstruction and residents participation. Thus, in France, the common terms of any period have been the exponent of the thoughts of that period, and also are the navigator of urban politician’s approaches and policies.