عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Iranian concentrate to natural landscape special water scenery is consistently effective on residence creation. This concentrate comes from resident necessity to water. Water had been a holy element and essential for purity in the Zoroastrians and Moslems thoughts. Sometimes Iranian concentrate to the water importance with gathering the residences around the water and sometimes with moving the water into the residences as it takes place in the central plateau. The city of Shushtar as a sample of residences collection has been continuing the living with forming between two branches of Karun. The water flow in this river city created different spaces. Belvedere is the answer of the Shushtar architecture to the river scenery and it is between private spaces and the Karun scenery as an intermediary. In this article hypothesis, inclination to residences architecture extroversion with do attention to the Karun scenery is considered. Comparison the residential samples in river edge with similar samples in historical area of Shushtar, shows the extraversion of the river edge samples. Therefore, the effect of natural scenery on location and formation of Shushtar residential architecture is so important. The view of Karun has formed new spaces such as “Veranda” (Iwan) and “Kat” as a belvedere in introverted residential architecture and it takes the living spaces construct to extroversion.