عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Persian garden is among significant achievements of Iranian culture which is not only known within Iranian territory but also across the Iranian plateau. What mostly enriches this achievement is its presence throughout Iranian civilization history. More remarkably, paradise definition not only sheds light on fertile Iranian civilization, but is considered an indispensable compartment in the life of Persian garden necessarily. Historical doubts about Persian garden turns into certainty in the Achaemenid era. Achaemenid gardens are of prominence in historical art and there exists important documents about this magnificent cultural achievements – not only as a garden, but also as a political, economic and art institution. Cognition of “Persian garden” is now a necessity which requires searching on essence of Persian garden in Achaemenid era. This paper reveals the position of “Persian garden” within its early ages of existence and puts the unknown angles of “garden institution” in Achaemenid era into scrutiny.