Document Type : Review
Ph.D. in Urbanism, Assistant professor, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
M.A. in urban design, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Cities have a vital resource and it is the citizens. In today’s world, talents, demands, motivations, dreams and the creativity of citizens is gradually replacing the traditional advantages of cities like the location, the natural resources and the proximity to markets. The creativity of those who live in a city or those who manage its affairs ensures its prosperity in the future. While the challenges of urban management are becoming larger and more complex, the cities are gradually becoming the laboratories producing technological solutions, conceptual and social issues which arise from growth. The university as a place of emergence of new ideas and the birthplace of science and art has a vital role in the development of the creative class of the communities and hence can have a profound impact on the promotion of creativity. In many developed countries due to relatively good permeability of university walls, an effective relationship between the university and the city has been established. As a result, the university as an urban space could be a place where students from various disciplines meet. The university can also have an implied yet profound effect on the enrichment of the everyday life of the people and can be effectively used to raise the spirit of creativity in societies. This article is meant to review the related concepts in a creative approach and review the several successful global experiences in using the open spaces and campuses of the universities. The article further highlights the influence of these places in nurturing creativity. Accordingly, the need to take the role of universities on this front is underscored. The article concludes by emphasizing the need to utilize public spaces in universities in such a way to increase the potential to promote the creativity and the development of the cities.