عنوان مقاله [English]
An urban space is not only a physical concept but also includes social interactions and urban activities. In fact, it finds its meaning through the presence of people and their activities. A walkway, as an urban space, has a substantial role in elevating the socio-cultural activities in the society. With proper design and recognition based on the city’s landscapes, pedestrian movements in walkways improve the identity, the power of perception, the sense of attachment to the landscape and the aesthetical elements of a view. One of the recent trends in urban design is the focus on pedestrian movements and their needs as an important, once neglected subject in cities. By looking at Princess Street in Edinburgh, this study tries to identify the critical attributes for a successful pedestrian-based street. This study is explanatory-analytical; it refers to historical evolutions and transformations of Princess Street to examine the important factors which played a part in the formation of the street. We find that the most important factor in such walkways is the active presence of people. This study also emphasizes on the emergence of pedestrian walkways as a way of facilitating movement and safety for the people and checks to see if walkways are a pre-requisite or a post-requisite in obtaining these qualities.