نوع مقاله : مقالۀ ترویجی
کارشناس ارشد معماری منظر
عنوان مقاله [English]
Design of cultural landscape involves the character of cultural landscape as a starting point for estimating the least possible intervention options. Having defined the landscape character of a city, its landscape cannot be transformed to look alike other city landscapes in accordance with tastes and different conditions. Tehran’s having traditional Behavior - whose constituting union of several population centers element was a city – accentuates the significance of explaining landscape character according to principles of public behavior for landscape design and management.
Evaluation of Tehran’s cultural landscape requires two sources; historical texts including general literature, songs, historical geography and landscape reading according to these historical sources. Tehran has an intertwined texture of built networks surrounded by fine city gardens that are in complete harmony with morphological layer of Tehran formed by the five major river valleys as well as structural and behavioral hierarchal model defined according to their locations at different heights of theses river valleys in addition to cultural paradigms of an Iranian-Islamic society. Therefore, the cultural myths of Tehran city with subject matters of water at all scales, inner city excursion, pilgrimage-excursion tradition, usage of dramatic-didactic literature as the public media, productive gardens as intersection of recreations and rituals, creating myths through landscape elements and literature and ethics masters and converting their expression to a behavioral setting are all pursuable.
The city landscape has experienced a lack of integrity and chaos in quantitative and qualitative elements every time that a sudden change has undertaken on people’s behavior values and lifestyle. An abrupt breaking point of natural factors and popular culture in the first Pahlavi era and another breaking point of personal aesthetic and semantic factors in the contemporary era have occurred during the last 20 years.