نوع مقاله : مقالۀ ترویجی
کارشناس ارشد معماری منظر دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
عنوان مقاله [English]
One-dimensional development of human systems in the modern society has greatly changed the relations of human and the nature especially in the urban environments. The separation of natural and human systems has resulted in alienation of the human society and natural processes. Accordingly finding the proper integration of city and nature is a challenging concern in different fields of environmental design. As a response, the revelation of natural processes contributes in the human perception and appreciation of the natural environment which is discussed under the title of eco-revelatory design attitude. Accordingly the eco-revelation approach in the new literature of urban landscape is introduced in order to achieve the true perception of natural infrastructures in the human realms. This perception would enrich the human life through attachment to the nature of place and fulfills the inherent inclination of human being to the natural world. Due to the experience which is gained by the extinction of nature by the urban dwellers, actual experiences of the natural processes are necessary in order to foster an ecologically literate of society in spite of the novel environmental crisis. This paper argues that the experience of the dynamic ecological processes, excluding the static and visual arrangement of components, should be considered in an eco-revelatory design approach and demonstrated in the physical structure of urban landscape. According to the new researches of this field, understanding and participation in the functional dimensions of one’s surroundings plays a critical role in the formation of personal affiliations to a place .Thus the new concept of “experience aesthetic” calls upon the designers to create dynamic relationships instead of static patterns of natural elements. Consequently this study explores how a design process, consisted of the principals of eco-revelatory design in urban landscape, can help to plan a sustainable development which will use and reveal natural systems. An emphasis on the opportunity of deriving actual, not only visual, values from their ecological context would provide the essential basis for the integration of natural processes for landscape users in the perceptible urban landscape and plays a significant role in the realm of environmental education. Some case studies of revelation of natural infrastructures such as combining the green drainage network and connection networks are discussed and some strategies are proposed for city Tehran based on the potentials that can be provided in the following. As a result this paper demonstrates how an eco-revelatory approach to urban landscape can help to create a multifunctional design that enriches the ecological culture of urban societies.