نوع مقاله : مقالۀ ترویجی
کارشناس ارشد معماری منظر، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Sustainability concept in tourism is one of the most important and the most challenging concepts of tourism development that has been proposed as a framework for understanding the socio-economic development processes, and the management of natural resources and tourism, during the past few decades. Sustainable tourism is an achieving to quality growth so that, not only destroys natural and artifact environments, but also protects local community’s culture, history and heritage. The concept of sustainable tourism development implies that tourism development in traditional form includes negative effects for all natural, social and economical environments. Furthermore, despite the great advantages of this industry, if its development does not attend the policies and environmental attitudes programs and not to emphasize sustainability of development, it will certainly cause many negative effects to the environment. In fact, both development and ecological protection move toward recreational sustainability so that studying sustainable recreation as an effective action to all development elements is more necessitated than ever. In order to design and revive the recreational landscape in tourism areas and also to protect their environment, it is necessary to use the sustainable recreation principles. Therefore, revival of recreational landscapes, such as Maharloo Lake landscaping, which has specific ecotourism potential, is very dependent on using tourism sustainability principles. Maharloo lake recreational region of Shiraz also needs to consider the sustainability factors in tourism section since it is one of the prepared regions in attracting tourists and one of the unique landscapes in salt production. This lake as a seasonal landscape elements, have many tourism landscaping aspects and have been identified by its natural landscape and its seasonality (part of the year, with water and sometimes dry). This ecotourism potentiated region welcomes tourists who take refuge to the beaches for spending their leisure time out of Town in different seasons. Unfortunately, a great part of the lake has recently become an unused region due to ignorance of tourism sustainability principles in its tourism landscape. Having introduced and reviewed the region of Maharloo’s social, cultural, economic and environmental characteristics, landscaping solutions are presented to resolve and reduce its current problems and issues, based on its ecological and local conditions, in order to achieve a correlated set of comprehensive policies for tourism sustainable development in Maharloo Lake and upgrade landscaping features in this article. These solutions, express fundamental concepts such as: utilizing of site’s unique and local abilities and symptoms, creating interaction between the context and the users, reviving the agricultural landscapes and considering ecology and vegetations (such as all kind of trees) of the site, which all create the overall form of tourism sustainability in Maharloo area.