عنوان مقاله [English]
In recent decades, monuments and works in relation with war and martyrdom have had different effects on urban landscape. Although, creating monumental buildings in Iran has a long rich history, but the diversity of approaches and types of creating such landscapes in modern era and the efforts to increase innovation in these designs, has resulted in production of various works which do not meet the requirements in many cases. In this study we have tried to identify the most successful approaches and patterns at the viewpoint of functionality, identity and aesthetic design, in addition to evaluating the efforts and programs of Martyr Foundation and Veterans Affairs. Accordingly, after studying different samples in a cross-sectional study method using documentary analysis and identifying ways to design monumental works, the methods were analyzed and evaluated based on the general criteria in designing, layouts and features of historical monuments and also surveying experts in relevant fields. The results highlighted significant points in relation to approaches and the success of efforts in creating urban monumental landscapes and revealed the importance of the success factors namely components of audience-oriented approach, also attractiveness and connection with daily activities.