عنوان مقاله [English]
Landscape is an essential keyword which encompasses social science studies, geography and ecology. During the past decade by the advent of "landscape ecology", landscape and associated concepts have obtained specific significance in the interdisciplinary research fields. According to three different categorization in definition of landscape ecology knowledge (including landscape ecology as an independent discipline, as a multi-disciplinary field and as a branch of ecology), the main research question is based on the assumption of what is the proportion of landscape ecology as a scientific field in landscape and ecology? Can ecology cover the perceptional dimensions of landscape? How is landscape ecology dependent or independent to these fields of science? And what kind of model can be proposed to define its position?
Answering the above questions requires a research method based on a literature review in the field of landscape ecology and classification of thinkers’ opinion in order to define the specific relation of landscape ecology with landscape and ecology by logical reasoning and deductive method.
Landscape ecology is not a branch derived out of ecology. It is multidisciplinary field that can be expanded in numerous research fields by adopting the cognitive landscape parameters and components as well as making sustainability quality testing possible. It can give scale and precision to human interventions in nature by using methodology and theory which lead to socio-natural interactions in such interventions. The proposed model points out ecological patterns in environmental interventions could lead to the innovative creation opportunities in the field of landscape since it requires interdisciplinary and trans-disciplinary approach and landscape has the ability to be accepted as an important discipline which can fulfil this action. So we can define landscape ecology as a discipline following the field of landscape knowledge.