ارزیابی شتابزده از منظر شهر تهران

نوع مقاله: گزارش

نویسندگان

دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

در دهه‌های گذشته در تهران، شاهد برنامه‌ریزی‌هایی بوده‌ایم که حاصل آن، ساخت اتوبان‌ها و ساختمان‌های مدرن است. با این‌حال بسیاری از عناصر مهم و ساختاری در منظر تهران محصول مستقیم این برنامه‌ریزی‌ها نیستند. مجموعه‌ای از عوامل طبیعی و فرهنگی درطول زمان منظر تهران را شکل داده‌اند. همچنین نحوۀ مشارکت و خواست شهروندان در شکل دادن منظر تأثیر گذار است.
دُنی دلبَئِر و فرِدِریک پوزَن، استادان دانشگاه‌های فرانسه، به عنوان متخصص در مباحث منظر و آمایش سرزمین، در پی اولین بازدید خود از تهران به عناصر مهم منظر شهر که در نگاه اول قابل برداشت و تشخیص است اشاره کردند. ایشان از طریق ترسیم و ارائۀ یک طرحوارۀ گرافیکی، مهم‌ترین ویژگی‌های منظر تهران را بیان کردند؛ خصوصیاتی که به نظر ایشان می‌تواند به عنوان یک الگوی منظرین در ارزیابی‌‌، مدیریت و توسعۀ شهر مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Quick Assessment of Tehran’s Landscape

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farzaneh Alsadat Dehghan
  • Parichehr Sabounchi
چکیده [English]

This paper offers a report about the professional workshop of researching Tehran which was held in August 2015 in Tehran along with the fourth and fifth Conference on urban landscape phenomenology. In this regard Denis Delbaere and Frédéric Poussin, experts on landscape and territorial planning, and professors of universities in France, explained their first impressions of Tehran in their first visit to this city. They expressed Tehran landscape features through drawings and providing graphical schemas.
In the past decades in Tehran, major urban plans have resulted in the construction of multiple highways and modern buildings. However, many important structural elements in the Tehran landscape are not the direct product of planning. A series of natural and cultural factors have shaped Tehran’s landscape over time. Moreover, citizens’ participation and influence have had a great effect in shaping the landscape.
The first objective aspect of Tehran’s landscape is the natural context which leads to a chain of mountains in north and a desert area in south with multiple hillsides in between. The northern mountains of Tehran instill a strong feeling and preserving this landscape will retain the city’s identity. Despite, numerous unharmonious elements in Tehran’s landscape, “water streams” act as strong ordering elements connecting different elements in a network and offer scale to places. Water streams, from northern rivers to little kennels have provided continuity in urban landscape.
On the other side, people confrontation to heavy traffic, which draws attention in the first glance, and passersby who calmly cross the streets, displays people affiliation to the landscape of their city. People of Tehran consider this urban space as a public space of their own and show a sense of belonging which is of great significance in landscape. Urban landscape projects must bind to the same record. Discourses on public participation in planning always insist on building the partnership as if it does not exist, whereas in fact there is always a partnership and using it in managing and proceeding of plans is important. In this regard, understanding the subjective aspect of landscape is imperative. It is vital that we know how people think about their environment and how they want it. Although this is a complex and difficult task, but it would become plainer if we see public space in landscape aspect. Landscape is always simple, comprehensive and clear, and this simplicity and clarity increases its flexibility and capacity to adapt.