فضای معماری به مثابه منظر؛ بازتعریف فضای سنتی از نگاه منظر

نوع مقاله: ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری معماری دانشکده معماری دانشگاه لاس پالماس جزایر قناری

2 کارشناس ارشد معماری منظر، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

این مقاله قصد دارد با تکیه بر مفهوم فضا در برابر مفهوم منظر معضل برآمده از مبانی و اصول پیشتازان هنر و معماری مدرنیسم قرن بیستم و ابزار عملی آنها در پروژه‌های معماری را نشان دهد. از این نقطه نظر، بررسی این مفهوم از فضا در معماری امروز نقش تعیین‌کننده‌ای را بازی می‌کند و مستلزم تجدید نظر است. به بیان بهتر و به قول برجزیان (Borgesian)1 "تعریف دوباره فضا از طریق مفهوم منظر به عنوان یک مکانیسم، قادر است سامانه‌ای از روابط با محیط را بیان و ارایه کند که در آن پروژه معماری و منظر به عنوان یک قیاس در نظر گرفته می‌شود".

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Architectural space as Landscape; Renegotiating of the traditional space from concept of landscape

نویسندگان [English]

  • Juan Manuel Palerm Salazar 1
  • Nafiseh Seyedeh 2
1 PhD in Architecture, Professor of Architectural Design, School of Architecture of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
چکیده [English]

 
The dilemma that we intend to reflect on the idea of space against the landscape is framed from the principles deriving from the artistic vanguards and modernism of the 20th century and their operational tools in the architectural project. From this perspective, the idea of space in architecture is presented as a paradigm and necessary argument of reflection, for which we propose a disjunction between the “concept of landscape” to the “idea of space” defined by the modern movement. A series of considerations concerning the concept of landscape, "Towards the landscape” as arguments and principles surrounding which arises the need to offer and to rethink a new sense of space as a landscape dimension.
 Review the idea of space from this point of view is determinant in the architecture and entails the need to rethink her, or better in the term Borgesian "Renegotiate her" through the concept of landscape as a mechanism able to articulate and propose a system of relations with the environment and the territory where the project of architecture and landscape acts as a device.
 Rethink the idea of space offering a new physical and conceptual dimension of the landscape itself according to our time. This search process required to renegotiate any code involving a brace of thought, action, obligation, or participation, and review, in turn, the concepts of representation of reality, paradigm of our convulsive, ephemeral and dynamic time. The territory and the city have come to become a copy of his representation of his maps and plans, including their imaginary. Their reality is in the cartographic representation as normative legal connection, thereby evading the presence of man. The landscape must be the result of the interaction between the coordination and social participation and the critical project. The relationship between systems of even heterogeneous elements among them, should be placed in sequence constitute a semantic unit.
It is a fact that the landscape is changing in time, this is their main characteristics. The continual reinvention of landscapes is possible and necessary. The source or origins of our reinterpretation depend on our sensitivity to discover the working of the landscape colonizes or natural.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • The Idea of Space
  • Public space
  • Territory as System
  • Intangible
  • Project such as Innovation
  • Landscape as Device
  • Paradigm of the Gaze