عنوان مقاله [English]
The occurrence of any earthquakes, small or large, in the country may draw the attention of authorities to the extent of Tehran’s vulnerability for a while. More than three million people living in Tehran suffer from unstable housing. On the one side, Tehran is located between three active faults that earthquakes on a high Mercalli intensity scale would seriously threaten the shelters and lives of citizens. The crisis caused by high population density and poor crisis management may lead to a severe catastrophe. On the other side, based on Iran’s Supreme Council of Urban Planning and Architecture definition of urban deteriorated areas characterized by fineness modulus, instability, and impermeability, about 80% of unstable zones (areas) have been ignored. Furthermore, in such areas the peoples’ lives have been threatened severely living less chance for life-saving plans. However, regarding the priority of the peoples’ “life” issue, rescuing peoples’ life should not be ignored for the sake of other design attributes. Therefore, the municipality and central government must seek a realistic solution to rescue residents of urban deteriorate areas in Tehran. The present study introduces the concept of “neighborhood secure focal point” as activation for renovating urban deteriorated areas and focuses on removing initial obstacles to modernization (the need to provide parking), and the emergency of incentives management (granting density, increased building area, and downsizing) as the major drivers. This study argues that any intervention for urban deteriorated areas renovation should offer improved quality of social life, developed participation, and a prosperous urban economy by tracing urban management solutions, in addition to taking account of economic benefits for owners.
JICA. (2000). The study on seismic microzoning of the greater Tehran area in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Japan: Pacific Consultants International Report.