نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی
استادیار، گروه معماری، دانشگاه بینالمللی امام خمینی (ره)، قزوین، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Fath-Abad Garden in Kerman, in the central desert of Iran, is one of the considerable examples of Persian garden in the Qajar period. The garden strictly responds to the original factors of the Persian garden, while represents some contradictions with classic structure of the Persian garden. After decades of neglect, this garden was renovated in 2015 and has been opened to the public. Today, when we visit this garden it is difficult to redefine it as a Persian garden.
By referring to the previous researches on the structural indicators of the Persian gardens, this paper compares Fath-abad garden, before and after renovation, with original characters of Persian Garden as an unique identity. To achieve this goal, the aerial photos as well as general photos of garden before and after renovation are the basic resources of this research.
Considering the garden’s structure before and after renovation, this paper recognizes the neglection of two main structural indicators of the Persian gardens, which has disturbed the perception of this garden as a Persian garden.
The results show that the ignorance of two important indicators of Persian garden including being enclosed with walls, as well as the position of main entrance and its relation with main axis and pavilion, disturbed the perception of this garden as Persian garden and as a complex of three detached garden.