نوع مقاله : مقالۀ ترویجی
1 پژوهشگر پستدکتری گروه چندرشتهای مورفوسیتی (لابراتوار MSC و AUS)
2 کارشناس ارشد معماری منظر، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
In the new approach to the art of garden construction, garden is viewed as a collective space with a desire to the nature and culture. For this reason, new gardens are not considered only due to the use of clean air and comfort, but rather the development of civil life of citizens. That is to say, in developed cities, one of the main objectives of tourists is a visit to historic and new gardens and parks. For foreign tourists coming Iran, Persian gardens is a goal. Persian garden which is the landscape achievement of Iranian society assumes an important role in representing Iran's civilization; thus, it does not suffice to say that preservation and restoration of previous works in the form of museum-kept state as its continuity requires the design of diverse gardens in accordance with the archetype with regard to the modern needs of Iran.
Designed and constructed in 2012 by the consulting engineers of Nazar Research Center, Persian garden is a few among the modernized examples of the archetype in Iran. The garden is currently welcomed by most Tehranian people and has brought about the promotion of space quality and restoration of Iranian identity. The project "Persian garden of Dehvanak" is a move toward urban landscape design in which meaning constitutes the key component of a space. As the first experience of Persian garden design after a hundred years, the project is endowed with a mere historical approach to space; maybe it can be said that a fear of some sort is seen as the application of modern elements in the main concept, because of similar examples. On the contrary, in order to atone for this withdrawal of contemporary elements, an effort was made to design small spaces in the highest compatibility with today life. As a result, on the one hand Manzar Experts are recommended to utilize Persian historic gardens in their designs, and bring it close to the ongoing life of the citizens on the other hand. In the end, is there any contrast in the design approach, if there is, is it traditional or modern?
Furthermore, in garden landscape design, details should appeal to everyone most, whether to a consultant in cases such as the form of water feature or to an employer in making some changes in items such as design of planting. In designing small spaces and courtyards, building stone edges being conceived of as the design of an open space and carpeting would eliminate the fluidity and a sense of boundlessness. Meanwhile, a profound view can be spotted that multiplies the quality of space in the major or minor axes of the project without an edge or border with old trees.